Most people only know of the most common of gastric bypass procedures, or GBPs, but actually, there are several different types of GBP. Below, we’ll list the major gastric bypass procedures. These are only the procedures in wide practice, or that were once in wide practice. There may be other procedures, though they have not been as well documented.
The most commonly employed gastric bypass technique, gastric bypass roux en-Y proximal involves re-arranging the small bowel below the lower stomach into a Y configuration. This procedure enables the outflow of food from the upper stomach pouch, thus reserving the lower bowel for nutrient absorption.
Patients who have undergone the roux en-Y proximal procedure experience fast onset of satiety, or stomach-fullness, resulting in the patient eating less, which can go a long way towards treating obesity.
Gastric bypass roux en-Y distal involves similar methods as the roux en-Y proximal technique, though the Y connection is moved farther down the intestinal tract. The amount of the bowels absorbing nutrients, then, is greatly reduced.
Loop gastric bypass, or the mini-gastric bypass, is actually considered obsolete as a bariatric surgery method. The procedure is still in use to mend stomach injury, stomach cancer, or severe ulcers, but because of the gastric bypass complications and gastric bypass problems involved, loop gastric bypass surgery is generally avoided in all but emergency situations.
The process works by shortening a loop of the bowels. The complications arise when the enzymes and bile from the bowels make their way to the esophagus.
Lap gastric bypass is a procedure which, put simply, allows for an adjustable stomach size. A plastic band is wrapped around the stomach, usually via laparoscopic surgery. This band is attached to a box on the stomach wall, and this box is adjusted via the injecting of a serum.
Selecting a gastric bypass procedure is something you and your doctor will have to discuss. Very little of it comes down to anything like personal preference so much as it relies on your physical and medical needs. Whichever choice you wind up on, make absolutely certain that it is the right choice for you, that you absolutely need to have gastric bypass surgery conducted.
To be frank, gastric bypass surgery is not a vanity operation, it is not cosmetic surgery. Gastric bypass surgery is for people whose health, or even their life, is seriously at risk thanks to a severe problem with obesity. Life after gastric bypass requires several major and minor lifestyle adjustments. You will have to exercise regularly, you will have to eat small portions of healthy food, plus nutritional supplements, you won’t be able to drink liquids with meals, etcetera.
Gastric bypass is not, as some believe, a quick fix to extra weight. Gastric bypass is a starting point to gastric bypass weight loss through hard work and proper living. It is a starting point to improving one’s quality of life by putting the work in and staying healthy as a lifelong commitment.
Now, if you’ve discussed the possibility of gastric bypass surgery with your doctor, if he or she recommends it, and if you are comfortable with it, engage your doctor in conversation about the procedures available. Your doctor should be able to help you understand your own needs and what each procedure could do for you.
And if you feel that your health is absolutely on the line here, do not fear gastric bypass surgery. In the past, complications were more common, but since the advent of laparoscopic surgery, mortality rates dropped to zero in one study, with complications being less than half of what traditional, open incision methods resulted in.